2014 Fall

Program Updates

Fall 2014 Region 7 Roundtable Meeting

Location: Kansas City, MO
Date: November 19-20

Report Outs

PDF Version:   Program Update P2R7 fall 2014 RT



IWRC’s Pollution Prevention Assistance Activities

 Iowa Food Waste Reduction Project

The Iowa Waste Reduction Center located at the University of Northern Iowa received a grant from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to complete a 12-month educational project. The purpose of this project, known as the Iowa Food Waste Reduction Project, was to reduce and divert food waste from Iowa landfills through a comprehensive educational campaign, as well as providing relevant and up-to-date resources to Iowa food waste generators. The Iowa Food Waste Reduction Project had two distinct goals targeted to Iowa food waste generators. These goals included the implementation of an educational campaign throughout the state of Iowa as well as the creation of a website, which provided food waste generators with pertinent information on food waste reduction and diversion strategies.

A webpage on the IWRC website was developed to serve as a Virtual Food Waste Reduction Resource Center to assist in accomplishing the objectives of the Iowa Food Waste Reduction Project. The Virtual Food Waste Reduction Resource Center at is a one-stop information repository for all Iowa food waste generators. The resources available on the Virtual Food Waste Reduction Resource Center provides information to food waste generators that is simple to understand and in an easily accessible format. The resource center can be found at foodwaste.iwrc.org

The educational campaign component of the Iowa Food Waste Reduction Project instructed Iowa food waste generators, such as community colleges, hospitals, schools, retirement homes, and individuals, on the latest technologies and methods of food waste reduction and diversion from Iowa landfills. Various types of information was presented to food waste generators during the five educational workshops across the state. The workshops had an attendance of 287 individuals.

Iowa Food Waste Composting Education Program Grant

The Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) at the University of Northern Iowa was awarded a one year grant from the United States Department of Agriculture to increase food waste composting education in Iowa rural communities. The IWRC established from past research and educational outreach that composting options for food waste generators in Iowa’s rural communities were limited. The goal of this project is to increase food waste composting in Iowa’s rural communities through comprehensive educational and technical assistance. The IWRC educational efforts to increase food waste composting in Iowa rural communities will included the development of educational material, community outreach and on-site technical assistance.

An increase of entities that are actively composting food waste will directly decrease the amount of food being disposed in landfills. One of the biggest hurdles of increasing food waste composting is the cost of transportation of the food waste to a compost facility. Generally, food waste generators in rural communities are not located close to a food waste composting facility.  An increase in the number of food waste composting facilities in a geographical area will decrease transportation costs. This reduction in transportation costs for Iowa food waste generators will increase the amount of food waste being composted and decrease the amount being disposed in landfills.

Study of Food Waste from Iowa’s Industrial Commercial and Intuitional Generators Project

The Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) at the University of Northern Iowa was awarded a grant from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to identify all industrial, commercial and institutional (ICI) food waste generators in Iowa and calculate their food waste generation. This important information will be stored in a database that can be easily accessed and exported to geographical informational mapping system.

The identification of Iowa ICI generators of food waste and their waste characterization parameters will provide a much needed informational resource for comprehensive planning and implementation of management strategies to reduce food waste generation in Iowa. A lack of data has been identified by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources as a barrier that impedes this reduction. The IWRC’s food waste generation study will address this barrier in the following ways:

  • Identify Iowa’s ICI food waste generators
  • Quantify and characterize ICI food waste generated in Iowa
  • Use geographical information technology to map identified Iowa ICI food waste generators

It is the IWRC’s expectation that this comprehensive study will provide data to assist in planning and efforts in food waste reduction for Iowa and can be a model for planning strategies across the country.

Compressed Air Leak Management Pilot Project

To decrease the energy usage of Iowa small businesses that utilizes compressed air systems, the Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) at the University of Northern Iowa implemented the Iowa Compressed Air Leak Management Assistance Pilot Project. The Iowa Compressed Air Leak Management Assistance Pilot Project was a six-month pilot assistance project focusing on improved performance of compressed air systems at Iowa small business and was funded by a grant from the Iowa Economic Development Authority. This pilot project accomplished the following:

  • Implemented a pilot compressed air management auditing program that identified and documented compressed air system leaks and cost savings for improved performance.
  • Identified educational materials to assist Iowa small businesses in the management of their compressed air systems.
  • Created a website to serve as a virtual resource center for Iowa small businesses seeking information to manage their compressed air systems.

Leaks were identifi­ed at all 25 participating businesses. Outcomes showed a range of results depending on type and size of business. While one small body shop had only one leak, 47 leaks were identifi­ed at a structural steel fabricator. For the businesses involved, the most valuable outcome to this project is cost savings. Over 87% of the businesses plan to implement a leak detection program, and 76% plan to fix a majority of the identifi­ed leaks.

Potential Future Results

Total Energy Avoidance



Cost Savings







1st Year 607,851 $49,748 1,189,433 1,788 3,528
5th Year 3,039,255 $248,740 5,947,165 8,940 17,640
10th Year 6,078,510 $497,480 11,894,330 17,880 35,280

Iowa Construction and Demolition Waste Reduction Project

 The Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) at the University of Northern Iowa implemented the Iowa Construction and Demolition Waste Reduction Project funded by the Rural Utilities Service program within the United States Department of Agriculture to reduce and divert construction and demolition (C&D) waste otherwise going to landfills in the State of Iowa. The two main goals of the project were to develop and implement a comprehensive educational campaign in rural communities across the state and to create a relevant, up-to-date website to target C&D waste generators and those interested in diverting C&D material from landfills. The IWRC forged a partnership with the Iowa Center on Sustainable Communities to complete the project goals.

The educational campaign included developing and hosting four workshops in rural communities in Iowa, conducting a webinar, and providing information in the IWRC newsletter and on social media. In addition, webpages were created to provide relevant information about C&D waste reduction and diversion. Four fact sheets and four case studies were developed by the IWRC to provide information about pertinent regulations, tax deductions for donating salvaged building material, salvage market successes, and creating deconstruction programs for prisoners. A listing of deconstruction contractors in Iowa, articles, guides, testing laboratories, and a video created in-house are some of the other resources the IWRC compiled for the webpages. The webpages can be viewed at the following address: http://www.icosc.com/deconstruction/


Pollution Prevention Services
Jeff Fiagle, Team Lead, 515/725-8353
jeff.fiagle@dnr.iowa.gov, www.iowap2services.com

Project: 2014 Pollution Prevention Intern Program

This year’s Intern Program began in mid-February and ended in early November. There were 14 Intern projects representing 17 12-week equivalents as there were 3 24-week projects. Implemented results included the following:

2014 Implemented Results
Category Reduction Units Cost Savings
Water ConservationSpecial WasteSolid Waste

Hazardous Waste














Total: $1,629,549

7,316.02 MTCO2e

Project results of note:

Nutra-Flo Company saved 440,276 gallons of water, 428,419 pounds of phosphorus, 4,930 pounds of micronutrients and $1,338,174 basically due to some simple changes in housekeeping.

The City of Sioux City reduced 194 metric tons of methane through improved maintenance/housekeeping project that improved biogas flow to the facility’s flare.

Sources of funding: EPA P2 Grants, USDA REAP & RBOG Grants and state funding.

Lessons Learned: Although not all solutions are simple, some relatively simple solutions still exist.

Project: EMS Workshop: “EMS In Depth: Setting Aspects and Impacts and Rating Their Significance

Narrative paragraph: A number of industry participants from our 2013 2-day EMS Certification/Implementation Workshop were interested in more EMS information. A consultant was hired to conduct this training that did an excellent job bringing the terms to a common sense level describing EMS terms and engaging the participants. One international company that has an EMS stayed to talk with the consultant as they felt their current EMS was not functioning well. 39 participants attended and they were all interested in an Objectives & Targets and Environmental Programs workshop.

Sources of Funding: Registration fees and state funding

Lesson Learned: Industry is still interested in EMS.

Project: Strategic Goals Program Workshops

Narrative Paragraph: Workshops were held in Spring and Fall with the assistance of the Iowa Waste Reduction Center and EPA Region 7. Topics included:

  • RCRA “Derived by Rule”
  • the Rag Rule
  • Greenhouse Gas Calculating and Reporting
  • DOT Hazardous Waste Regulations
  • RCRA Cradle to Grave
  • Zero Landfill Strategies

Total attendance for both workshops was 110 participants.

Source of Funding: Registration fees

Lessons Learned: Industry is still looking for pollution prevention and environmental information.


Department of Health and Environment
Melissa Hammond

Program Summary

The Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) is responsible for coordinating the Kansas Environmental Conference, organizing the Pollution Prevention (P2) Awards, publishing the Kansas Environmental News electronic newsletter, overseeing the Pollution Prevention (P2) Grant Program and the Small Business Environmental Assistance Program (SBEAP) contract. I serve as the liaison between KDHE and SBEAP. The SBEAP program is housed at the Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute (PPI). For the purpose of this report-out, I will be focusing on the Kansas Environmental Conference.


The Kansas Environmental Conference is an annual event hosted by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment and provides updates on environmental issues, new technologies, regulatory information, and pollution prevention.  This year approximately 400 people were in attendance and 32 vendors displayed their services and/or products.  Following is a link to visit the Kansas Environmental Conference’s web page summarizing the 2014 event: http://www.kdheks.gov/sbcs/2014environment_conf.html

Duration of Project

The Kansas Environmental Conference is held in August with workshops, meetings, and breakout sessions taking place over a period of two and a half days. Workshops have included Beginner and Advanced Hazardous Generator Waste Workshops and Brownfields Workshops. Meetings have included the Clean Air Act Advisory Group. Breakout sessions are broken into four tracks: air, water, waste/remediation, and pollution prevention (P2). Please visit the 2014 Kansas Environmental Conference agenda and view breakout session presentations by clicking on the following link: http://www.kdheks.gov/sbcs/Presentations/2014/2014KSEnvConfAgenda.pdf

Activity Measures

Measures are recorded through the use of a post conference survey. Conference attendees are given the opportunity to rate and comment on every facet of the event. In addition to being asked to rate the breakout sessions, attendees are also requested to answer the following questions: Do you feel you gained new knowledge of environmental regulations by attending the conference? (A total of 97% of the respondents answered “Yes” in 2014.) Do you feel that attending the conference and hearing updates on environmental regulations and compliance issues assist you in maintaining environmental compliance at your organization? (A total of 96% of the respondents answered “Yes” in 2014.) By learning about pollution prevention (P2) techniques at the conference and hearing other organizations’ success with P2, are you more likely to implement P2 at your organization? (A total of 73% of the respondents answered “Yes” in 2014.) Has your organization ever made improvements to your environmental program because of something you learned at the conference? (A total of 78% respondents answered “Yes” in 2014.)

Key Outcomes

Increase the awareness of P2, incorporate P2 practices into business operations, grow awareness of the KDHE P2 award program, and increase the number of applicants for a P2 award are key outcomes of the Kansas Environmental Conference and the KDHE P2 program. To view P2 Award recipients and learn about their award qualifying efforts, please visit http://www.kdheks.gov/sbcs/p2_pollution_prevention_awards.html

Sources of Funding

Funding for the promotion of P2 at the Kansas Environmental Conference is received through an EPA grant. Registration fees are collected to cover all the other conference expenses.

How Money was Spent

Grant dollars are applied toward costs associated with the promotion of P2 integration in businesses by including P2/Sustainability sessions at the environmental conference and publication of the Kansas Environmental News which includes information on P2 awards, P2 interns, P2 focused sessions at the conference, inclusion of P2 concentrated articles, and other topics in alignment with national and regional P2 priorities.

Challenges or Lessons Learned

When people hear the words “pollution prevention”, the first thought that often comes to mind is recycling. Although recycling efforts are important, the public needs to understand source reduction to conserve resources and not generating pollutants in the first place is also an important issue. Overcoming the previous mindset of simply recycling is challenging when this activity does produce positive measurable results.

Potential Future Work

The mission of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment is “To protect and improve the health and environment of all Kansans”. Since 1993, KDHE has hosted the Kansas Environmental Conference. Originally known as the “Pollution Prevention Conference”, this event was renamed the “Kansas Environmental Conference” in 1996 to allow for expansion of content and respond to the needs of businesses. The Kansas Environmental Conference serves as a means to fulfill KDHE’s mission and KDHE will continue to host this even into the foreseeable future.

Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute

Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute
Region 7 P2 Roundtable – written summary report-outs
Key contacts: Nancy Larson, David Carter, Barb Goode

Project Name: Pollution Prevention Grant

Summary of project: The primary projects under this two-year grant include: 1) P2 awareness and recognition –educate businesses and communities to enable them to implement practices to improve environmental stewardship; 2) P2 technical assistance and measurement – provide technical assistance to businesses seeking information about source-reduction opportunities; 3) Industrial environmental sustainability and practices –formalizes PPI’s P2 intern training by developing a university intersession course available for potential P2 interns and industry professionals, and 4) P2 intern program –promote P2 and gather valuable measurements in alignment with EPA’s FY 2011-2015 Strategic Plan.

Duration of project: Two years (October 2012-December 2014)

Activity measures: Number of P2 awards and associated reductions in environmental impacts; technical assistance phone calls, site visits, and associated reductions in environmental impacts; students enrolled in intersession course; number of hosts companies and associated reductions in environmental impacts.

Key outcomes:

  • $551,900 saved
  • 4 million gallons of water conserved
  • 890 MTCO2e reduced
  • 351 tons of waste reduced/diverted
  • 22,850 pounds of chemicals substituted or reduce

Sources of funding: EPA P2

How money was spent: Personnel, some travel and training

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Difficulties in obtaining companies for intern program in year two.

Potential future work: Funded in FFY14 to conduct two primary projects: 1) P2 technical assistance including continuation of the intersession and intern program, and 2) “greening the healthcare supply chain,” working with the Ascension Healthcare System and the Kansas Healthcare Engineers Association.

Project Name: Partners Reassess P2 and Study Related Motivating Drivers

Summary of project: Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute (KSU) and the University of Nebraska Lincoln (UNL), partner to reassess past P2 intern project implementation and identify motivation factors for implementation or non-implementation.

Duration of project: 1.5 years, Oct. 2013 – March 2015

Activity measures:

  • Update reassessment and survey forms for collection of environmental and behavior change data; develop SOPs
  • Work with EPA to obtain QAPP approval
  • Identify sectors and industries for reassessment
  • Reassessment site visits to review initial intern projects, identify implementation rate, and confirm data sources and metrics
  • Reassessment follow-up reports, a narrative summary of P2 recommendations and implementation status, complete with data and metrics. Also includes a section documenting any new P2 projects
  • Confirm that reassessment report and metric are accurate, then send a five-question survey asking client about motivation factors regarding P2 implementation
  • Analysis of data collected, compiled in a short report to be part of final report
  • Collaboration between KSU and UNL to publish data and results nationally
    • Transfer of partnership work, methodology, and data to both industry and technical assistance providers

Key outcomes: Work in progress, but draft metrics from more than 15 reassessments identify new annual savings of $475,000, 620,000 gallons of water, 1.9 million kWh reduced, 600 tons and 3,600 million MTCO2e.

Sources of funding: EPA SRA

How money was spent: Personnel, some travel and training

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Streamlining data collection process to ensure nothing is missed or represented incorrectly. Getting clients to produce high quality data evidence and sometime just responding to reports. Our QAPP had to be revised numerous times and that slowed our project. Project has required more time than we originally budgeted.

Potential future work: Unknown at this time

Project Name: Food Recovery Challenge Feeds Sedgwick County Hungry

Summary of project: This program used trained interns to work with Sedgwick County Dillon’s grocery stores to identify food waste currently landfilled that could be reduced at the source or donated to hungry populations or animals.

Duration of project: Two-years, CY 2013-2014

Activity measures: In depth waste assessments at facilities and at transfer station. Employee training, identifying store champions, identifying partners like the Kansas Food Bank, Quest and Tanganyika Zoo. Key outcomes: Eight implement projects at four local stores, includes – 60 tons of solid waste reduced or diverted, 1.3 million gallons of water conserved, 91 MTCO2e and more than $70,000 saved. Our data only captures detailed studies at four different stores in Sedgwick County, but we know it had regional impacts, especially in the bakery and deli departments.

Sources of funding: Private funds from the Kansas Health Foundation

How money was spent: Personnel, some travel and training

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Need to identify the store champion and make staff aware of the waste reduction opportunities.

Potential future work: Unknown at this time

Project Name: Food Recovery Challenge Meets Southeast Kansas

Summary of project: Provide direct technical assistance to businesses and institutions (hospitals and schools) in rural Kansas through on-site visits and trainings, researching problematic food-related waste issues, and establishing partnerships. Grant funds were also used to support the continuation of the Southeast Kansas Safety and Environmental Network (SEK-SEN), which promotes efficiency and reduced carbon footprint to industry group representatives.

Duration of project: One-years, FFY2013 (Oct 2013 – Sept. 2014)

Activity measures: Food waste reduction education and outreach to industry and institutions, on-site waste assessments, and meetings with the SEK safety network.

Key outcomes: Served 38 industries through the SEK safety network, completed 11 on-site waste reduction site visits, trained at least 107, identified 22.9 tons of waste for reduction and 76 tons for diversion to hungry populations, 103 MTCO2e, and $132,750. Note these numbers do not indicate implemented metric.

Sources of funding: USDA

How money was spent: Personnel, some travel and training

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Implementation at schools where USDA requires students be served minimum quantities of specific foods.

Potential future work: Unknown at this time

Project Name: Summer Institute on Environmental Stewardship

Summary of project: This project provides instruction on environmental stewardship training, community service, and American culture to 20 European students participating in a five-week Summer Institute on Environmental Stewardship. The curriculum is developed to provide more of an experiential learning process, as opposed to lectures.

Duration of project: One year (five weeks during summer)

Activity measures: Number of students, sites visited.

Key outcomes:  N/A

Sources of funding: U.S. Department of State

How money was spent: Personnel, travel, admissions to special events, books, stipends, meals and training

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Transporting large group of people.

Potential future work: Unknown at this time


Missouri Business Development Program (power point)- P2 Roundtable_Program Report Missouri 2014


Pollution Prevention Regional Information Center (P2RIC)
Rick Yoder ryoder@unomaha.edu 402.554.2521
Jean Waters jwaters@unomaha.edu 402.554.6259
6708 Pine St.; Omaha, NE 68182

Program Summary

The Pollution Prevention Regional Information Center (P2RIC) serves information needs focusing on improving business operations – we work with our colleagues “to make good businesses better.” We serve to (1) make specific P2 technical assistance available for businesses, (2) serve information needs that otherwise impede business implementation of source reduction practices, and (3) provide P2 training to businesses and technical assistance providers (TAPs). P2RIC is part of the Nebraska Business Development Center (NBDC). NBDC also has the Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) for the state of Nebraska and offers Professional and Organizational Development Training. NBDC is a department of the College of Business Administration at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO). UNO is part of the State of Nebraska’s university system. P2RIC has four main projects this year. We are finishing a project around Sustainable Facility Professional Training and Green Job Task Analysis. We are continuing in the second year of an Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Project involving purchase of office products with five local institutions of higher learning, we are planning a joint P2 Roundtable with Region 5, and we continue to offer services as a P2Rx center

Project Name: Sustainable Facility Professional Training and Green Jobs task analysis

Summary of project: this project included research on the Bureau of Labor statistics which identified job functions and tasks which were associated with “green” jobs. The goal of the research was to help identify new avenues of outreach for pollution prevention services and to establish factors which lead to the adoption of these green jobs. Associated with this project, we offed the International Facility Management Association’s (IFMA) Sustainable Facility Professional (SFP) certification training. This is high-quality training and certification that is holistic. Professionals within the local IFMA chapter were interested in taking in-person training in order to acquire the SFP credential. We created supplemental materials to enrich the training and provide additional context to sustainability.

Duration of project: two years, 2012-14 with an extension through March 2015

Activity measures: Green Jobs Task Analysis report and SFP training

Key outcomes: TBD

Sources of funding: EPA PPIN grant with state match

How money was spent: Personnel, some travel

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Department of Labor only surveyed for green job tasks one year. Access to the data was only allowed in Washington DC. The economic analysis was inconclusive. The SFP training had a cost associated with it from IFMA. We obtained a Nebraska Department of Labor grant to help offset the cost of training but have not been able to sell full-price training.

Potential future work: We would like to cooperate with other IFMA chapters to offer this training and would expect to seek some supplemental funding to offset the cost to the participants.

Project Name: Environmentally Preferable Purchasing

Summary of project: the project is designed to reach the widely distributed office professionals with responsibility for purchasing office supplies. We had commitments from two institutions of higher learning so wanted all the participants to be from the same sector, in order to have more robust data. We recruited institutions to participate. We conducted focus groups and then constructed surveys for the participants. We analyzed the resultant data and began creating marketing messages for the participants. We seek to educate, encourage, engage, exemplify, and enable with each message. The messages are delivered electronically from their university purchasing agent.

Duration of project: it began in 2013 and will end in 2014

Activity measures: surveys, messages, training for purchasing agents

Key outcomes: We expect to show increase in knowledge among the participants and environmental outcomes from greener purchases

Sources of funding: EPA P2 grant with state match

How money was spent: personnel, some consulting from RPN, some travel, supplies

Challenges or Lessons Learned: Office professionals are very willing to buy green but they don’t know what to do. Getting messages through university approval processes is difficult.

Potential future work: We hope to be included as institutions negotiate their office supply contracts so they can get more green choices. RPN is working on green procurement for maintenance, repair, and operations supplies, which is a similar problem of distributed purchasers.

Project Name: Joint P2 Regional Roundtable with Region 5

Summary of project: We are working with the Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable to have a joint meeting in St. Louis March 31-April 2, 2015. We have a commitment from the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center to provide craft brewery training, which they have developed and delivered in Washington and Oregon. We have a commitment from The Saint Louis Brewery to host the training and facility tour. We plan to present a list of ideas for other training and technical sessions to the fall Region 7 roundtable for their input. This will include ideas for training from the Great Lakes Regional Pollution Prevention Roundtable and partners who wrote in support of our proposal, How to start, market, and finance green business certification programs from the Western Sustainability and Pollution Prevention Network, E3 in Agriculture from the Peaks to Prairies Pollution Prevention Information Center, and the Greening Sports Directory from the Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center.

Duration of the project: current FY 2014

Activity measures: Planning meetings held, agendas, meeting notes, Roundtable logistics coordinated, on-site training, speakers training sessions coordinated, networking activity, conference attendance/registrations, participant evaluations, meeting materials posted after the meeting.

Key outcomes: Improved awareness, knowledge, or understanding of P2 or P2 technical assistance methods/technology among conference attendees as reported on conference evaluations. Environmental savings reported by brewery when telephone follow-up is conducted six months after the assessment.

Sources of funding: EPA PPIN grant with state match

How money was spent: personnel, travel

Challenges or Lessons Learned: TBD but we really want to reach a broader audience than the TAPs in the states. We’ll reach out to green business programs in the region. We’re cultivating local partnerships as well.

Potential future work: TBD

Project Name: P2RIC – P2Rx center

Project summary: P2RIC operates as one of eight Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx) centers. We operate the P2InfoHouse, a database of P2 technical publications. We offer a calendar of events and push this information out in the P2RIC “Look Ahead”. We distribute this electronic newsletter when we have enough events, trainings, webinars, etc. to justify an electronic publication. The events are always available on the P2RIC calendar. We produce a blog and are active on Twitter, Facebook, and have videos on YouTube and Vimeo. We maintain a regional Programs Directory which includes more than the technical assistance programs. It also is part of the national P2Rx Programs Directory. We provide rapid response (technical research) service and host the R7P2 Roundtable documents. We are starting an advisory board this year. We are also using the UNO College of Business Administration’s Commerce and Applied Behavior Lab to evaluate usability of the P2Rx centers websites.

Duration of the project: current FY 2014

Activity measures: Planning meetings held, agendas, meeting notes, Roundtable logistics coordinated, on-site training, speakers training sessions coordinated, networking activity, conference attendance/registrations, participant evaluations, meeting materials posted after the meeting. Websites evaluated, evaluative reports, changes made to P2RIC website to improve usability.

Key outcomes: Improved awareness, knowledge, or understanding of P2 among conference attendees as reported on conference evaluations. Improved P2RIC website usability measured by CAB Lab evaluation before and after changes to website. Improved dialogue among key regional TAPs and P2RIC decision-makers to facilitate targeted and useful P2 information services as measured by focus group of advisory board.

Sources of funding: EPA PPIN grant with state match

How money was spent: personnel, travel

Challenges or Lessons Learned: TBD but we hope to promote P2 as a preferred strategy to “business as usual” environmental solutions.

Potential future work: We want to incorporate ideas of advisory board and maintain continuous improvement.

UNL P3 Program Update Nov. 2014
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Partners in Pollution Prevention
Contact: Bruce Dvorak, bdvorak@unl.edu

Project Name: Irrigation Assessments for Source Reduction

This project leverages the expertise and contacts of the Nebraska Agricultural Water Management Network (NAWMN), which is a collaboration of the University of Nebraska Extension, local Natural Resources Districts (NRDs), the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and irrigators. Many NRDs provide irrigators a cost share for the soil moisture sensors. Extension educators assist with probe installation and data interpretation. A key limitation encountered by the NAWMN is lack of staff to assist irrigators during the key three-week installation window at the start of the summer.

Summer student interns collaborate with the NAWMN to assist partner irrigators with the installation of soil water sensors and ETgages to determine when and how much water to apply. The sensors are shown at right and installed in a field to the left. Students provide follow-up educational assistance to irrigators throughout the summer. In addition, the students assist some producers in identifying other energy conservation opportunities associated with their irrigation sprinkler and pumping systems. At the end of the summer, the students provide each irrigator with a short report outlining the net environmental impact (water pumping reductions, energy savings from reduced pumping, and cost savings) from the use of the sensors and other recommendations.

During the past four years, this project and similar grant-funded projects have provided in-depth on-site assistance to over 40 Nebraska irrigators, and assistance with soil moisture probe installation and education to over 80 other irrigators that were first time-users users. Current Funding: 1 year, but have received other grants. Funding provided by the US EPA and
matching from multiple sources (UNL Extension and NRDs)

The outputs from the five interns working during the summer of 2014 include:

  • Number of center pivots operated by producers provided installation and education in sensor and
    ET Gauge use: 131
  • Number of acres irrigation by producers provided installation and education in sensor and ET Gauge use:
    15,803 acres
  • Number of business management reports developed with an in-depth irrigation assessment: 19
  • Number of business management reports developed for golf courses: 3
  • Potential cost savings if all recommendations are implemented: $141,109 / year
  • Potential water use reduction if all recommendations are implemented: 960 million gallons /year
  • Potential electricity reduction if all recommendations are implemented: 355,100 kWh/year
  • Potential diesel fuel use reduction if all recommendations are implemented: 19,660 gallons / year
  • Potential natural gas use reduction if all recommendations are implemented: 24,000 therms / year
  • Potential GHG reduction if all recommendations are implemented: 722 MT CO2e (based on the data
    sources and conversation factors in the 2014 P2 GHG Calculator)

In some instances, these irrigation systems are used to apply chemicals such as nitrogen amendments to the field. Improved management techniques can reduce the application. Also, in semi-arid regions like Nebraska, reducing water application reduces the likelihood of non-point
source contamination of ground and surface water (especially by nitrogen).

Key challenges include (1) recruiting enough interns with the quantitative skills, understanding of production agriculture, and interest in working in a rural area, (2) finding new extension educators with relationships with producers that assistance from a student will make a difference.
The P3 program has “used” up the “rolodex” of several extension educators, and (3) obtaining good reassessment values from the irrigators is difficult since data collected during the summer is either incomplete (currently assisted irrigators) or irrigators are busy during the growing
season and not interested in reviewing their records (assistance from past years).

Future work: In 2015 will have three interns assisting producers, two in locations new to P3. In
addition, will reassess approximately forty past irrigators assisted by interns.

Project Name: Sustainable Manufacturing and Processing for Source Reduction, Toxicity Reduction and Recycling Assistance

A primary objective of this project is to provide individualized source-reduction technical assistance by trained students with a focus on implementation of source reduction (especially advanced sustainable manufacturing processes) and recycling of large solid waste streams (metal, paper fiber, plastics, etc.) and hazardous waste for Nebraska businesses. A second objective is that student interns’ experiences will help them systematically incorporate recycling and waste source reduction knowledge into industry as they progress through their careers. The overall scope of work is to provide intensive on-site summer assistance to five clients each for two summers for a total of ten student projects. This project is a collaboration of the P3 program and faculty from the Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department at UNL. This two summer (2014 and 2015) project is funded by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality.

Five students funded by this grant assisted businesses during the summer of 2014. One of the 2014 student projects (IC Energy Solutions) involved a P3 student performing energy and waste assessments at multiple potential clients of the company. This greatly enhanced the reach of the P3 program beyond the contractual agreement. In Table 1, the potential impacts on Nebraska businesses is provided for the students funded by this grant. The results in Table 1 could be achieved if all recommendations are implemented by the businesses.

Table 1. Potential Impacts from the summer of 2014:

Metric Measured This Grant
Solid Waste Diverted from Landfill (lbs/yr) 426,400
Energy Conserved: Electricity Conserved (kWh/yr) 2,765,200
Energy Conserved: Natural Gas (therms/yr) 232,200
Energy Conserved: Diesel Fuel (Gallons/yr) 1,590
Water Conserved (Million gal/yr) 25.5
Total GHG Reduction (MTCO2 Equivalent /yr) 4,242
Direct Operating Cost Savings ($/yr) $838,900

Project Name: KSU PPI / UNL P3 Reassessments of Past Clients

The Kansas State University Pollution Prevention Institute (KSU) and the University of Nebraska – Lincoln (UNL) Partners in Pollution Prevention (P3) have each hosted pollution prevention (P2) intern programs for multiple years. This project involves completing on-site reassessments in both states of past hosts of student interns, and then further study what motivates these past intern companies to implement recommendations and changes that produce measurable environmental outcomes, as well as factors that prevent companies from making the
changes. Funding provided by the US EPA Region VII

Currently have completed most of the reassessments and are starting to analyze the data. Preliminary analysis suggest trends along the lines of what has been observed previously by the UNL P3 program.

Project Name: Energy Conservation and Capacity Building for Small Nebraska Wastewater Treatment Plants

This project included providing E2 assistance to two small community wastewater treatment plants and reassessing 6 other small wastewater plants assisted previous years by interns. The work was performed during the summer of ’14 by an intern. All communities were of a
population of 2000 or less. Duration of project: 2014 Specific recommendations given to the two plants include switching to more energy efficiency change in diffusers, reducing wattage in UV light bulbs, and eliminating use of a propane heater.

Table 1. Summary of Recommendation Benefits by Site

Site Annual Energy Savings (kWh/year) Annual Cost Savings Annual Greenhouse Gas Reduction (CO2 equivalents)
Creighton WWTF 10,000 $2,000 20 metric tons
Ceresco WWTF 40,000 $3, 700 60 metric tons

Six reassessments of previous treatment facilities were also conducted as part of the project. Two out of six facilities implemented recommendations and three of the six facilities had operator changes. The reassessments showed that a significant problem in obtaining
implementation has been the turnover of operators (as well as of key city staff such as clerks).

Sources of funding: Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality.

Meeting Agenda